Artifact of the Month: No can of worms here

The garden is in and we’ve already had the radishes and green onions, not to mention the wilted lettuce. This used to be a big hit at our house, except for me. That was fine, it made more for everyone else. I grew up in the day when you could get iceberg lettuce in the store, so I really didn’t like the idea of a hot dressing over what I didn’t even think looked like any lettuce that I liked. The one thing I did know, however, was that after the lettuce was gone, it was time for the parade.

The parade started from the basement up to the kitchen with all the empty jars from the previous year. This was not a job to be taken lightly. If you chipped the rim of a fruit jar, you were in trouble. We actually have to thank the French for the idea of the jar. They used it to supply food to their soldiers. Theirs were sealed with paraffin and eventually led us to what we always called fruit jars. I know they were Mason jars, but we always just said fruit jars. We also had to bring up the 5 gallon crocks from the basement or cave, whichever you were lucky enough to have. It would, of course, soon be time to make sauerkraut. You just haven’t lived unless you have shredded cabbage and alternated layers of raw cabbage and salt in a crock. Then you put a large platter upside down on top of all the cabbage and weighed it down with a big rock. By the time the kraut had fermented and been skimmed and was ready to be canned, we were well into the continuing action of summer.  The empty jars had to be filled.

Most everyone had a summer kitchen, usually out the back door of the house. When you had to cold pack everything in a water bath and keep it on simmer for hours on end, it was great to have that away from the kitchen. The heat was almost unbearable, but you needed those jars of food to survive the long winter. We canned all kinds of berries, peaches, apples, green beans, tomatoes, sauerkraut, and things you would never think of. We canned fish and beef and pork and potatoes. It just never ended until you were out of jars. Then you had to go back to the basement and bring up jars of food that had to be emptied and eaten-you guessed it-so you could have more jars.

It was a lot of work, but it wasn’t all bad. Sometimes you would can with the help of family and friends. You visited and caught up on the news and the days didn’t seem quite so long and hot. And seriously, ,in the middle of winter when you had hash made from canned beef and potatoes and fresh peach pie, it was worth every back breaking moment.

Come visit us at Kibbe Museum.  I’ve told you some of my memories of jars and crocks.  Maybe you have some too.  We have the jars and crocks on display and oh, how we wish they could tell us their stories.
Did you know that canning jars and other bottles are important clues for an archaeologist?  Read more about the value of jars for dating an archeological site at the Society for Historical Archaeology.

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Between a rock and an archeological dig

kibbe archeaology lecture 006

On Sunday, 7 March 2010, the Kibbe was pleased to host Dave Nolan, an archeaologist from the Illinois Transportation Archaeological Program (ITARP), for a presentation on the significant aboriginal finds during pre-construction work along the highway 136/336 expansion between Carthage and Macomb, Illinois. This was an eye-opening peek into the ways that archaeologists can interpret lifestyles and culture based upon objects and the context within which they were found. Following this interesting and highly informative presentation, Dave evaluated artifacts brought in members of the community. 

35 sites between Carthage and Macomb were evaluated, but it was the discovery of an ancient village along the LaMoine River that yielded the most material. The area was not originally on the lists of sites to be examined, but the existence of aboriginal burial grounds on a bluff above the LaMoine Rive led the University team to suspect that a village had been located nearby.  Tests in the area produced tell-tale black deposits full of animal bones and other debris from habitation and a dig site, dubbed White Bend, was created.  The village site is estimated to have been occupied as far back as 5800 years ago.  Photographs of recovered artifacts were used to illustrate several interesting finds from the site:

– Arrowheads are made from locally found materials.  Thus, the types and variety of material from arrowheads found at a site can show how much contact a village had with other tribes.  Through this person-to-person trade, mica arrowheads from the Appalaichans and oyster shell arrowheads from New England could eventually turn up in the Midwest.

–  Shards of pottery from White Bend indicate an awareness (but not the skill level) of fineware decoration from the Illinois Valley region, essentially a far less skilled “knockoff” imitation on everyday wares.  The development of artistic styles and how they spread to other areas gives further insight into the relationships between various peoples. 

– White Bend contains manufacturing waste (e.g., broken or mis-fired objects) from pipes.  There are two or three different styles of pipes, which is a little unusual.  Usually, researchers find that there is only one style of an object produced which evolves over time.  The absence of finished pipes suggests that they were used for local burials.

– Several bone tools were recovered, which are also an unusual find.  Bone tends to dissolve quickly (in geological terms) because of soil acidity.

– White Bend was also a site for toolmaking; local rock was used to create tools in preparation for going into hunting areas where there was no raw material for making necessary equipment used for hunting or processing food.

– In response to a question from the audience, Dave explained that, unlike aboriginal settlements, early pioneer settlements are more typically found where timbered and prairie land meets.  Early pioneers did not leave a significant amount of material behind, as they were not wealthy enough to throw much away. ITARP assesses sites dating up to pre-Civil War settlement.  After that point in time, land uses are much better documented and do not typically require archeaological investigation.

 

On permanent exhibit at the Kibbe: Native American tools, pottery, ceremonial and gaming pieces, and beadwork.